Fig. 3503 shows a No. 120 Disston's Saw. This is a special Saw made to run without set, and is intended to be used only in dry, clean lumber. It will be noticed that at the edge this Saw is about 20 per cent thicker than common. Among the advantages claimed are, that on account of its not having to be set, it can be made harder than it is practicable to make the regular style of Saw. It is a beautifully made and finished tool, and the only disadvantage that suggests itself to us is that it will not wear as long as the regular style of Saw, for the reason that after it is worn down an inch from the cutting edge, it loses in thickness, becoming about the same as an ordinary Saw, and as the hardness of the blade hinders it being set properly, we fear that this renders the Saw almost useless. To be sure, a Saw of this type will do a tremendous lot of work before being worn down an inch.
Disston's saws for sale on Ebay. More old tools follows.
AS TO POLISHING —In former days mechanics were somewhat prejudiced against polished saw blades, but this prejudice has passed away. The higher a blade is polished, the freer and easier it will cut, and a highly polished blade is not as liable to rust as a rough one.
AS TO FILING AND SETTING —There are four well known styles of filing Saws. First is known as "Straight" filing; this is the commonest and cheapest way, and common and cheap saws are usually sent out filed so. The next is the "Quarter Bevel,"or as it is some-times called the "Fake Half Bevel." Then comes the regular "Half Bevel." Half bevel filing is usually found on the finer grades of Saws. The best style of filing is known as "Full Bevel." It is rather expensive, but a Saw filed this way will cut very much faster with the expenditure of much less labor, as compared with the best of other styles. It takes a skilled filer to do this work, and is more expensive, but we think it is worth all it costs.
The Setting of a Saw is also a feature of considerable importance, the point aimed at being as little set as possible for the work, and absolute uniformity. The best test is to place a needle in the groove formed by the tiling and setting, as shown in cut, and if the Saw is filed and set properly, this needle will slide from the butt to the point, when edge is placed at an incline, without falling off.
We might say here that all Saws of our own brand are full bevel filed and set, and they will stand the above test.
AS TO HANDLING —On the shape and proper fitting of the handle depends very largely the "hang" of the Saw, and ease and convenience in working. In the two cuts we show first the old style of handling (which is used with some modifications) in the Disston's Nos. 7 and 12 Saws and others in the same class. Then the "close up" style of handle, which was first used, we believe, in connection with the "skew" or "hollow back" Saws. The "close up" handle is now very generally used in the larger portion of Hand Saws sold, it being understood that this style of handle contains advantages over the other.
AS TO SHAPE —As regards the advantages of the skew back over the straight back Saws, there have been many discussions. When the "skew back" Saws were first brought out, many important points of advantage were claimed for them, but we believe the greatest advantage has been that with the "skew" back Saw came the "close up" handle, and many of our best mechanics prefer the straight back Saws now that they are furnished with this style of handle. The views on this subject, however, are so diversified that it leaves us in a position where we prefer to have our customers choose for themselves.
AS TO BLOCKING —This is usually the last operation, and is only used in connection with the highest grade of Saws. It is the finishing touch, making the surface of the Saw straight, level and uniform.
AS TO THICKNESS OF BLADE —As a rule, Hand Saws are now made from the same thickness of plates (No. 18 English gauge). Naturally the larger and coarser Saws have thicker blades than the small panel Saws, but a good Saw blade should be as thin as possible consistent with the work it has to perform. A thick blade is more difficult to file, and being heavier and cutting a wider kerf, it is much more tiresome to use. It requires more set, and in our experience we find that a thick bladed Saw is more apt to break than a thin one.
DIFFERENT SAW MAKERS. We find that many mechanics have a decided preference for certain makes or brands of Saws, this preference no doubt being developed by their own experience and that of their fellow workmen
Our experience in the use and sale of Saws has perhaps been more diversified than that of any other concern in the world. We have sold and used nearly every style of Saw made by every manufacturer in this country, and the principal English makers as well, and between the leading American makes we have no preference. To illustrate —If we wanted a "skew back" Saw of the class of which the Disston D8 is the best known, we would have no hesitancy in accepting a Disston D8, Richardson R8, Peace P47, Jennings 1+, or G: H. Bishop & Co. 8.
To many of our readers the above will no doubt seem rather a peculiar position for us to take, and we may say here that there are very few lines of tools in which the products of leading makers approach one another so closely in quality. We do not believe that the right to make the only first-class Saws has been accorded —divinely or otherwise —to any one particular manufacturer, notwithstanding the fact that there are certain manufacturers who would have the Saw using public believe that such is the case.
COMPARATIVE LIST. As a matter of interest we present here a comparative list of the leading styles of Saws made by the principal Saw makers in this country, also including our own brand. They are arranged in order according to price, the No. 7 Saw being the lowest priced Saw bearing the maker's name.
CAUTION —Of late years it has been a common practice for Saw makers to make "Special Brand" Saws for wholesale and retail dealers, these Saws being marked or etched with the dealer's name. As a rule (to which there are few exceptions), these Saws are rarely of the best quality, and the main reason for the practice is to enable the dealer to sell an inferior Saw at a higher rate of profit. It will be easily understood that a Saw maker can have no great amount of interest in goods which do not bear his name, and the main reason for selling special brand saws at a lower price is, that there is virtually no responsibility attached to the maker.
Our special Saws bear our brand and trademark, also the maker's name.
Our Saws are made by one or other of the above manufacturers, and we happen to have in stock at the present time special Saws made by all of them.